Douglas County District Attorney
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Title 1 General Provisions
Title 2 Administration and Personnel
Title 3 Revenue and Finance
Title 5 Business Licenses and Regulations
Title 6 Animals
Title 8 Health and Safety
Title 9 Criminal Code
Title 10 Vehicles and Traffic
Title 12 Streets and Other Public Places
Title 13 Parks
Title 14 Airports
Title 18 Town Annexation and Service Districts
Title 19 Initiative Ordinances
Title 20 Consolidated Development Code
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D (Sewer Facilities and Non-Residential Wastewater Discharge Ordinance)
Appendix E (Backflow and Cross-Connection Control Ordiance)
Appendix F (Water Facilities)
20.01 General Provisions; Consistency with Master Plan; Right to Farm
20.02 Development Permits
20.04 Application Process and Official Filing Date
20.06 Decision by the Director
20.08 Review by Advisory Body
20.10 Review and Decision by Planning Commission
20.100 Public Facilities and Improvement Standards
20.12 Review and Decision by Board of County Commissioners
20.14 Conditional Approval
20.20 Notice Provisions
20.200 Surveys
20.220 Installing Utilities Underground
20.24 Public Hearing Procedures
20.28 Post Decision Proceedings
20.30 Expiration of Approval of Development Permit
20.300 Impact Fees
20.32 Revocation of Permit
20.34 Enforcement
20.38 Board of Adjustment
20.40 Fees
20.400 Development Agreements
20.44 Rounding of Quantities
20.440 Density Bonus Agreements
20.460 Reimbursement Agreements
20.470 Maintenance Districts
20.471 Maintenance District 1 - Monterra
20.50 Floodplain Management
20.500 Transfer Development Rights
20.550 Growth Management
20.560 Building Permit Allocation and Growth Management
20.600 General Provisions
20.602 Pre-application Conference
20.604 Special use permits
20.606 Variances
20.608 Amendment to Master Plan
20.610 Zoning Administration
20.612 Specific Plan
20.614 Design Review
20.618 Sign Permit
20.620 Temporary Use Permit
20.650 Zoning Districts and Standards
20.654 Agriculture and Forestry and Range Districts
20.656 Residential Districts
20.658 Non-Residential Districts
20.660 Use Regulations
20.662 Agricultural, Forest and Range, and Residential Land Use District Specific Standards (Table)
20.664 Agricultural, Forest and Range, and Residential Land Use Specific Standards
20.666 Non-Residential Specific Standards for Permitted, Development Permitted and Special use permit Uses (Table)
20.668 Non-Residential Uses Specific Standards
20.672 Livestock Overlay (LO) Zoning District
20.674 Manufactures Housing (MH) District
20.675 Mixed-use Commercial (MUC) Overlay District
20.676 Planned Development (PD) Overlay District
20.678 Residential Office (RO) Overlay District
20.680 Genoa Historic (GH) Overlay District
20.682 Clustered Residential Subdivision (CR) Overlay
20.685 Gaming District (GD) Overlay
20.690 Property Standards
20.691 Property Maintenance
20.692 Off-Street Parking and Loading
20.694 Landscape Standards
20.696 Sign and Advertising Control
20.698 Nonconforming Uses and Structures
20.700 Applicability and Procedures
20.702 Zoning Districts and Standards
20.703 Tahoe Area Plan Regulations
20.704 General Provisions
20.708 Subdivision Application Procedure and Approval Process
20.712 Parcel Maps
20.714 Division of Agricultural Land for Conservation Purposes
20.716 Division of Land into Large Parcels
20.718 Division of Land for Agricultural Purposes
20.720 Assurance for Completion and Maintenance of Improvements
20.768 Land Readjustment
20.770 Boundary Line Adjustment
20.800 General Provisions
20.810 Administration
20.820 Building Permits
20.830 Site Improvement Permits
20.840 Encroachment Permits
20.900 Numbering Structures and Naming Streets
Effective Date
Table of Ordinances
Index



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County Codes
Title 20 Consolidated Development Code
20.692 Off-Street Parking and Loading
20.692.010 Required
20.692.020 Exemption
20.692.030 Prohibited
20.692.040 Existing uses and change in uses
20.692.050 Size and access
20.692.060 Mixed occupancies
20.692.070 Joint use
20.692.080 Parking lot - General requirements, access, design, and maintenance
20.692.090 Off-street loading and unloading
20.692.100 Excess parking
20.692.100 Excess parking
20.692.110 Units of measurement
20.692.120 Parking calculation of storage areas

20.692.010 Required
Every building or portion of a building erected must be provided with off-street parking facilities to accommodate the vehicles used by the occupants, visitors, customers, clientele, and employees of the building. With the exception of commercial parking lots in any commercial or industrial zone and joint use parking facilities, all public or private off-street parking facilities must be located on the same property as the land use intended to be served. The number of off-street parking and loading spaces required per use is provided for each respective land use category identified in the following table: 

Table 20.692.1
Required Parking and Loading Spaces

Use (as defined in chapter 20.660)


Parking Spaces Required*

Loading Spaces Required**

.010 Agricultural and related limited commercial

(A)  Agricultural products and related limited commercial uses

One per 500 square feet of floor area or storage area

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(B)  Agricultural products retail outlet

One per 500 sq. ft. of area devoted to sales

First one required at10,000 sq. ft.

(C)  Aquaculture

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(D)  Animal keeping  

None

None

(E)  Commercial stock yard

Determined with special use permit

A minimum of one

(F)  Commercial meat or poultry processing facility

One per 500 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(G)  Commercial nursery

One per 1,000 sq. ft. of total area plus one per 250 sq. ft. of interior floor area, excluding shade structures and green houses

A minimum of one

(H) Keeping of non-domestic (wildlife) animals

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(I)  Limited agricultural uses

None

None

(J) Limited commercial use

One per employee on site

None

(K) Open agricultural uses

None

None

  

.020 Commercial and business service uses

(A)  Building contracting shop

One per 200 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(B)  Carpentry, woodworking or furniture making facility

One per 500 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(C)  Car wash

One per each washing bay and five stacking spaces per washing bay

None

(D) Commercial bakery

One per 1,000 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(E) Commercial laundry and dry cleaning

One per 500 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(F)  Gaming

One per 100 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(G)  Kennel

One per 300 sq. ft. with a minimum of two spaces

None

(H)  Dog fancier or breeder kennel

One per 300 sq. ft., with a minimum of two spaces

None

(I)  Dog rescue kennel

One per 300 sq. ft., with a minimum of two spaces

None

(J)  Pet Service

One per 300 sq. ft., with a minimum of two spaces

None

(K) Pawn Shop

One per 250 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(L)  Printing or publishing establishments

One per 250 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(M) Thrift or second hand stores, used appliance stores

One per 250 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(N) Adult characterized businesses

One per 250 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(O) Craft foods or alcoholic beverages (large & small) One per 300 sq. ft. of retail/or personal service area; parking for processing and warehousing determined through design review or special use permit. Determined with design review or special use permit. 

  

 

 

.030 Forestry Uses

 

 

(A)  Forestry

None

None

  

 

 

.040  Industrial uses

 

 

(A)  Equipment rental

One per 300 sq. ft. of enclosed building area.  Equipment may not occupy required parking.

None

(B)  General Industrial

One per 500 sq. ft. and as determined through special use permit

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(C)  Light Industrial

One per 500 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(D)  Machine shop

One per 500 sq. ft.

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(E) Outside storage

None

None

(F)  Sawmill

One per 500 sq. ft. of floor area or area of operation

First one required at10,000 sq. ft.

(G)  Solid waste disposal site and facility

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(H)  Solid waste transfer facility

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

  

.050 Institutional and uses of community significance

(A) Cemetery

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(B) Church

One per 30 sq. ft. of worship area, plus parking for accessory uses

None

(C)  Community center and related facilities

One per 250 sq. ft. of office area and as determined through design review

Determined with design review

(D)  Day care center (large)

One per every eight persons plus one space per employee

None

(E) Day care center (small)

None

None

(F)  Emergency care facility

One per 330 sq. ft.

None

(G)  Educational facility

Three parking spaces per classroom plus 10 for all other facilities

First one required at10,000 sq. ft.

(H)  Small group care or group home

0.5 per bed

None

(J)  Hospital

1.5 per bed

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(K)  Judicial center

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(L)  Nursing, convalescent, or residential care facility

One for every three patient beds

First one required at10,000 sq. ft.

(M)  Post office

One per 100 sq. ft.

Determined with design review

(N)  Use of community significance

Determined with special use  permit

Determined with special use permit

(O) Independent congregate senior living community

One covered parking space per living unit, plus one guest parking space for every four units.

One shall be provided for the facility.

.060 Lodging uses

(A)  Bed and breakfast

One per guest room and two for the primary residence

None

(B)  Campground

One for each RV space plus one per 250 sq. ft.

None

(C)  Overnight lodging

One per room plus one per each 15 rooms and any parking required for incidental uses including but not limited to gaming and restaurants

First one required at10,000 sq. ft.

(D)  Resort lodge, conference center or guest ranch

1.5 per room and/or cabin

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

  

.070 Mining uses

(A)  Open and subsurface mining

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

  

.080  Office uses

(A)  Professional office

One per 250 sq. ft.; real estate offices require one per 200 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

  

.090 Recreation uses

(A) Equestrian facilities

Determined with design review

Determined with design review

(B)  Golf course

Six per hole, plus parking for accessory uses such as restaurants and pro shops

Determined with special use permit or planned development

(C)  Health club

One per 300 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(D)  Indoor recreation

One per 200 sq. ft.

None

(E)  Membership club

One per 100 sq. ft.

None

(F)  Motorized racing facility

Determined with design review

Determined with design review

(G)  Non-motorized racing facility

Determined with design review

Determined with design review

(H)  Outdoor recreation, for day use

One per 200 sq. ft. of active area

None

(I)  Outdoor recreation, for night use

One per 200 sq. ft. of active area

None

(J)  Park or play field, for day use

Determined with design review

None

(K) Park or play field, for night use

Determined with design review

None

(L)  Public recreation center

One per 200 sq. ft. of active area

None

(M)  Ski area

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

  

.100 Residential uses

(A)  Boarding House

One per bedroom

None

(B)  Clustered development

As required per use

None

(C)  Manufactured home park

Two per unit, one of which must be covered, plus one quest space per four units

NOTE: tandem parking is allowed

None

(D) Multi-family dwelling

Two per unit, one of which must be covered, plus ne guest space per four units

None

(E)  Single-family dwelling

Two covered parking spaces

None

  

.110 Retail and personal service uses

(A)  Bank

One per 300 sq. ft.; three stacking parking spaces are required for each drive up window or station

None

(B)  Bar

One per 75 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(C)  Building material or garden store

One per 250 sq. ft. of sales area

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(D)  Convenience store

One per 200 sq. ft.

First one required at 3,000 sq. ft.

(E)  Indoor theater

One per 35 sq. ft. for non-fixed seats or one per four fixed seats

None

(F)  Mortuary

One per 200 sq. ft., plus one parking space for each 30 sq. ft. of chapel area

None

(G)  Outdoor theater

One per each 35 sq. ft. for non-fixed seats or one per four fixed seats

None

(H)  Restaurant

One per 100 sq. ft.; one per 250 sq. ft. for take-out restaurants

First one required at 5,000 sq. ft.

(I)  Retail or personal service facility

One per 250 sq. ft. and five stacking spaces are required for each drive up window or station

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(J)  Vehicle rental

One per 300 sq. ft. of office area.  Rental vehicles may not be parked in required spaces.

None

(K)  Vehicle service center, minor

One per each gas pump, plus two per service bay; one stacking space is required for each service bay and car wash bay

None

(L)  Vehicle service center, major

Three per service bay

None

(M)  Veterinary clinic, with outdoor holding facilities

One per 250 sq. ft.

None

(N)  Veterinary clinic, without outdoor holding facilities

One per 250 sq. ft.

None

  

.120 Transportation uses

(A)  Private airport

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(B)  Public airport

One per 200 sq. ft. of terminal building floor area, plus parking required for associated uses outside of the terminal area

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(C) Airport related uses

One per 200 sq. ft. of terminal building floor area

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(D)  Heliport

One per 200 sq. ft. of terminal building floor area, with a minimum of five spaces

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

(E) Helistop

Five spaces are required

None

(F)  Park and ride facility

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(G)  Parking structure and parking lot (primary use)

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(H)  Terminal and passenger service facility

One per 250 sq. ft. of office area plus one per 1,000 sq. ft. of maintenance service area.

NOTE:  no vehicles related to the terminal’s operations may park in customer or employee parking areas.

Determined with design review

  

.130 Utility and public service uses

(A)  Central office building of a telecommunication

Determined with design review

None

(B)  Fire station

Determined with design review

None

(C)  Major facility of a public or private utility

Determined with special use permit

None

(D)  Public or quasi-public facility other than listed

Determined with special use permit

Determined with special use permit

(E)  Public safety telecommunication facility

None

None

(F)  Sewage or water transmission lines

None

None

(G)  Sewage treatment facility

Determined with special use permit

None

(H)  Telecommunications site

None

None

(I)   Telecommunications facility

None

None

 

(J)  Utility service facility

None

None

 

(K)  Water reservoir

Determined with special use permit or design review

None

 

(L)  Water tank, water treatment facility or sewer lift station

Determined with design review

Determined with design review

 

(M)  Wind powered electric generator

Determined with design review

Determined with design review

 

(N)  Treated effluent irrigation

None

None    

 

.140 Warehouse uses

(A)  Personal storage facility

One per 20 units

None

(B)  Warehouse and distribution center

One per 1,000 sq. ft.

First one required at 10,000 sq. ft.

  

.150 Accessory uses (See Section 20.660.150 for requirements)

(A)  Accessory agricultural retail sales

Minimum of 5 spaces

None

(B)  Accessory dwelling

One in addition to that which is required for the main dwelling

None

(C)  Accessory outside storage

See Subsection 20.660.150(C)

See Subsection 20.660.150(C)

(D)  Accessory Structure

None

None

(E)  Grading or stockpiling of more than 500 cubic yards

None

None

(F)  Home occupation

None

None

(G)  Household pets

None

None

(H)  Non-commercial telecommunications site, one structure meeting district regulations

None

None

(I)  Non-commercial telecommunications site, all others

None

None

(J)  Solar energy system

None

None

(K) Stationary tank storage (above ground)

None

None

 (L) Heliport None None

  

.160  Temporary uses

(A) Emergency non-commercial telecommunications facility

Determined with temporary use permit

Determined with temporary use permit

(B)  Temporary batch plant

Determined with temporary use permit

Determined with temporary use permit

(C)  Temporary construction or sales office

Determined with temporary use permit

Determined with temporary use permit

(D)  Temporary dwelling unit

None

None

(E)  Seasonal sales lot

Determined with temporary use permit

Determined with temporary use permit


 Notes:

* All square footage refers to floor area unless otherwise noted.
** Additional loading requirements by square footage may be found in Table 20.692.3.
(Ord. 1424, 2014; Ord. 1279, 2009; Ord. 1238, 2008; Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.020 Exemption
No building as it exists at the time of the effective date of this chapter shall be deemed to be nonconforming solely by reason of the lack of off-street parking facilities. If any portion of the premises is being used for off-street parking in connection with any building, the parking shall not be reduced below the requirements of this chapter. (Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.030 Prohibited
    A.  Except where specifically allowed, required parking spaces must not be in tandem. All parking spaces must have unobstructed access to a street, alley, aisle, or driveway connecting with a street or alley without requiring movement of another vehicle. 
    B.  For auto repair shops or other similar uses, the racks and pump blocks shall not be considered in calculating required parking spaces. 
    C.  Required parking spaces shall not be used or permitted to be used for the repair, servicing, storage of vehicles, or for the storage of material. 
    D.  With the exception of instances where an alley is used for access, no use subject to design review may utilize a right-of-way for required backing area. (Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.040 Existing uses and change in uses
The provision of parking space is not required for legal, existing uses as of the effective date of this ordinance, but shall be required for any change in use, or increase in floor area or in the number of employees or other unit of measurement specified to indicate the number of off-street parking spaces. (Ord. 763, 1996, Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.050 Size and access

    A.  Residential. Each off-street parking space for single-family structures in a residential zoning district shall have an area of not less than 180 square feet, exclusive of driveways or drive aisles. The interior width of each space shall not be less than 9 feet and the interior length of not less than 20 feet. Each space must be provided with adequate ingress and egress and the parking spaces are not be allowed within any required front yard or side of street yard building setback area. This restriction does not apply to property in the Residential Office (RO) overlay zoning district. 
    B.  Commercial, industrial, institutional, and multi-family. Each off-street parking space for commercial, industrial, institutional, and multi-family residential uses must have adequate ingress and egress and must be properly striped to the following standards: 
        1.  Each space must have an area of not less than 180 square feet, exclusive of driveways or drive aisles. The width of each space must be a minimum of nine feet and the length must be a minimum of 20 feet. 
        2.  Up to 25 percent of the required off-street parking for multi-family and non-residential uses may be designated as small car or compact spaces. These spaces shall be nine feet wide by 18 feet long and must be identified as compact car spaces. Compact car spaces must be distributed evenly throughout the entire parking lot. 
        3.  50 percent of the available on-street parking spaces adjacent to the exterior boundaries of the property may be deducted from the required total off-street parking facilities. 
        4.  Parallel parking spaces must have a minimum length of 22 feet and a minimum width of 10 feet. 
        5.  Parking spaces that are adjacent to a side wall of greater than three feet in height must provide a minimum width of 10 feet.
    C.  Access drive. 
        1.  When access is from a paved public street, alley, or private easement, a paved driveway approach, a minimum of ten feet in length and 12 feet in width shall be provided to each residential property. The drive approach shall be paved with two inches of asphaltic concrete or other similar material and four inches of aggregate base material. 
        2.  Where ingress and egress to an industrial, commercial, or institutional development is required from a paved public street, alley, or private easement, a 30 foot wide, measured curb to curb, ten foot long paved access drive shall be provided. The access drive shall be paved with a minimum of two inches of asphaltic concrete or other similar material and six inches of aggregate base material as per required by the county.
    D.  Parking lot design. Parking layout design must provide ample stall and aisle widths, and adequate turning radii for maneuvering. To ensure the safety in maneuvering of vehicles and trucks, all parking lots shall meet or exceed the parking stall dimensions noted in Table 20.692.2 below:

Table 20.692.2

 20.692.2


measured on-center with the stall striping. All stalls must be marked with a minimum four-inch-wide stripe. (Ord. 763, 1996, Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.060 Mixed occupancies
In the case of mixed uses in a building or on a lot, the total requirements for off-street parking facilities is the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately. Off-street parking spaces for one use shall not be considered as providing required parking spaces for any other use except as specified for joint use facilities (see 20.692.070). (Ord. 763, 1996)
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20.692.070 Joint use
The director, or designee may, upon application by the owner or lessee of any property, authorize the joint use of parking facilities for the following uses or activities upon the conditions specified in this chapter and subject to design review approval: 
    A.  Common parking facilities, public or private, may be provided in lieu of the individual requirements contained in this chapter, but the facilities must be approved by the director for size, shape, relationship to business sites to be served provided the total of the off-street parking facilities when used together, must not be less than the sum of the various uses computed separately. The required parking must be located within 300 feet of the business use. Common parking facility use as outlined in this section shall be subject to the conditions in paragraph C. 
    B.  Up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for a use considered to be primarily a daytime use may be provided by the parking facilities of use considered to be primarily a night-time use; up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for a use considered to be primarily a night-time use, may be provided by the parking facilities of a use considered to be primarily a daytime use, provided the reciprocal parking area shall be subject to the conditions in paragraph C. 
        1.  Typical daytime uses include but are not limited to banks, business and real estate offices, medical offices (excludes urgent care), personal service shops, small retail shops, clothing or shoe repair, barber or beauty parlor, manufacturing or wholesale buildings and similar uses. Typical nighttime uses include but are not limited to cocktail lounges, bars, dance halls and similar places of entertainment, sports arenas, and auditoriums other than those incidental to a public or private school or church. 
        2.  Up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for a weekend use (from 5 pm Friday until 12 midnight Sunday), may be provided by the parking facilities of a use considered to be primarily a weekday use, provided such reciprocal parking area shall be subject to the conditions set forth in paragraph C. 
            a.  Typical weekend uses include but are not limited to bowling alleys, theaters, amusement park, and golf courses. 
    C.  Conditions required for joint use. 
        1.  The buildings or use for which application is being made for authority to use the existing off-street parking facilities provided by another building or use, shall be located within 300 feet of the parking facility. 
        2.  The applicant shall show that there is no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the building or uses for which the joint use of off-street parking facilities is proposed. 
        3.  Regardless of the owner of record of such properties considered for joint parking use, there shall be recorded in the office of the county recorder, a parking covenant by such owner or owners for the benefit of the county in the form first approved by the county that such owner or owners will continue to maintain the parking spaces so long as the building, structure, or improvement is maintained within the county. The covenant shall identify and describe the businesses, the hours of operation of such businesses, the number of parking spaces available, and be accompanied by a map depicting the joint parking areas. This agreement may be executed by the director on the county’s behalf. (Ord. 763, 1996)
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20.692.080 Parking lot - General requirements, access, design, and maintenance
    A.  The following standards shall apply to all off-street parking areas: 
        1.  All required off-street parking and loading areas, driveways, and parking aisles shall be graded, drained, paved, and permanently maintained. 
        2.  All off-street parking areas shall be striped so that individual spaces and driving lanes are clearly indicated. Directional markers shall be painted on the driveway surface. 
        3.  Any off street parking area, other than that provided for a single-family residential unit, shall comply with the parking lot landscape standards identified in paragraph C, below. 
        4.  All parking areas shall provide accessible parking spaces in accordance with the American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI). 
        5.  Access drives within parking lots shall have a minimum width of 12 feet for a one-way drive aisle and a minimum width of 25 feet for two-way drive aisle. 
        6.  On-site circulation shall be designed in such a manner that all parking spaces are useful for the intended purposes and the internal circulation pattern is safe and efficient for motorists and pedestrians. 
        7.  All parking areas, including driveways associated with a single-family residence, shall be used solely for vehicle parking and maneuvering with no sales, storage of inoperable or unlicensed vehicles, repair work, dismantling or servicing of any kind. 
        8.  Driveways or other areas required to move cars in or out of parking spaces shall not be considered in meeting off-street parking space requirements. 
        9.  No truck, commercial trailer, recreational vehicle, house or camp trailer or other motor vehicular equipment of a commercial or industrial nature may be parked on a lot in any district except where permitted as a use in a commercial or industrial district where specifically provided for or as follows: 
            a.  Parking of agricultural equipment is permitted without limitation where accessory to a permitted agricultural use. 
            b.  Parking of pickup trucks or single-panel vans, when used for transportation, is permitted in any district. 
            c.  Parking of recreational vehicles per section 20.660.150.C.4.d. 
            d.  Parking of vehicles and trailers in accordance with chapter 20.616 with an approved home occupation permit. 
        10.  A two foot vehicle overhang into a landscape area is permitted when the landscape area has a minimum eight foot width. Wheel stops are not permitted anywhere. 
        11.  When parking is proposed to the rear of a building, public and pedestrian access must be provided to the front building entrances through the use of walk-thought, plazas, or open corridors. 
        12.  Internal pedestrian walkways shall be provided through parking lot landscape areas and in all parking lots where pedestrian and vehicle conflicts may occur. 
        13.  All grocery stores with over 20,000 square feet of gross floor area must provide adequate bays for returned shopping carts. These areas shall be separated from the parking stalls by piped fencing or other all-weather material and be striped and signed accordingly. 
        14.  In commercial districts, parking lots with 50 or more parking spaces shall provide recreational vehicle (RV) parking spaces as follows: 
            a.  50 spaces or more require one RV space, 75 spaces or more require two RV spaces; 
            b.  100 or more spaces require 4 RV spaces.
These spaces shall be a minimum of 14 feet wide and 40 feet long, and be designated as RV parking spaces. 
        15.  Parking aisle length shall not exceed 350 feet without a cross aisle for vehicle circulation. 
        16.  Adequate clear throat distance shall be provided at all parking lot entrance and exit driveways. 
        17.  The arrangement of parking spaces shall avoid backing of vehicles onto ring roads, perimeter roads, or major aisles. 
        18.  Tangent or long radius sections of aisles along the perimeter of buildings shall be less than 400 feet. 
        19.  Adequate driver sight distance shall be provided throughout all parking areas. 
        20.  Each development shall contain at least one clearly designated route for pedestrians connecting the street, the parking area, and the main building entrance(s). Access for people with disabilities shall be provided in accordance with state and federal statutes, and shall provide a convenient and efficient circulation system for these individuals. 
        21.  All parking lot areas used exclusively for parking and turnarounds shall be designed and improved with a grade not exceeding 5 percent. 
        22  All driveways within a parking lots used exclusively for ingress and egress or interior parking lot circulation shall be designed and improved with grades not to exceed a ten percent slope. 
        23.  Parking areas, aisles, and access drives shall be graded and drained to dispose of surface water without damage to private or public properties, streets, or alleys. All parking and circulation areas shall be designed with an adequate drainage system and improvements shall meet county engineering design standards, and shall conform to all applicable stormwater treatment and discharge standards. 
        24.  Open parking of cars accessory to a residential use are limited to those actually used by the residents, or for temporary parking of guests. 
    B.  Parking lot lighting. All developments including outside parking and lighting shall conform to the following requirements: 
        1.  Any exterior lighting (photometric) plan consisting of point-by-point foot candle layout (based on a ten-foot grid center) extending a minimum of 20 feet outside the property lines required by the director shall be prepared by an electrical engineer registered in the state. 
        2.  Maximum overall height of fixtures shall be not more than 15 feet in or within 100 feet of a residential district, and not more than 25 feet in non-residential districts. Parking lot lighting shall be limited to pole-type fixtures. 
        3.  Fixtures shall possess sharp cut-off qualities at property lines. 
        4.  There shall be no illumination or glare from the exterior lighting system onto adjacent properties or streets. 
        5.  Flashing lights are prohibited. 
    C.  Pedestrian lighting. All developments that contain outside pedestrian walkways and lighting shall conform to the following requirements: 
        1.  Where pedestrian lighting is proposed adjacent to or facing a residentially zoned area, an exterior lighting (photometric) plan consisting of point-by-point foot candle layout (based on a ten-foot grid center) extending a minimum of 20 feet outside the property lines may be required by the director. Where required, the lighting plan shall be prepared by an electrical engineer registered in the state. 
        2.  Maximum overall height of fixtures shall be not more than 15 feet in or within 100 feet of a residential district, and not more than 25 feet in non-residential districts. Pedestrian lighting shall be limited to pole-type or bollard-type fixtures. 
        3.  Fixtures shall possess sharp cut-off qualities at property lines. 
        4.  There shall be no illumination or glare from the exterior lighting system onto adjacent properties or streets. 
        5.  Flashing lights are prohibited. 
    D.  Parking lot landscape standards. The objective of this section is to improve the appearance of certain setback and yard areas within off-street vehicular parking areas, and to protect and preserve the appearance, character, and value of surrounding neighborhoods and thereby promote the general welfare by providing for installation and maintenance of landscaping for screening and aesthetic qualities. 
        1.  At least 15 percent of the total area devoted to parking and driveway areas must be offset by pervious areas of landscape material (new or preserving existing trees and shrubs). All landscaping must be provided with proper irrigation systems as approved by the department. All parking lot landscaping shall be maintained free of weeds and debris. 
        2.  A minimum of one tree for every eight spaces shall be planted in all parking areas. All parking lot trees shall be of a deciduous variety, a minimum two-inch caliper with a five-foot spread at the time of planting, shall be of a type that can reach maturity within 15 years from the planting and shall shade 40 percent of the lot within 15 years. The landscape plan shall depict the required growth at the end of 15 years. Parking lot trees must follow the approved county tree species list. 
        3.  All landscape areas abutting driveways, drive aisles, and parking stalls shall be protected by a six-inch by six-inch concrete curb. Where needed, wheelchair access may be provided by using a rounded curb. 
        4.  Planting areas for parking lot trees and landscape fingers shall have a minimum 25 square feet of protected planting space (five feet by five feet). This measurement shall be from inside of curb. 
        5.  Landscape fingers a minimum six feet in width, shall be provided for every eight parking spaces. 
        6.  Off-street parking areas, including drive-aisles, which abut residential properties shall be separated from such property by a minimum ten-foot-wide dense planting screen and a six-foot-high masonry block wall, or other alternative material, measured from the grade of the finished surface of the lot closest to the contiguous residential district, provided that along the required front yard of the residential district, the wall shall not exceed three feet in height. Off-street parking areas, which face residential properties, shall provide a ten-foot dense planting screen which includes beaming, low retaining walls, or a combination thereof to buffer the residential use. Off-street parking areas which abut non-residential properties shall follow standard design criteria. 
    E.  Bicycle parking. Non-residential and multi-family developments containing 10 or more automobile parking spaces shall be required to provide bicycle parking facilities in conformance to this title. 
        1.  Development containing over 10 parking spaces shall provide a minimum of two bicycle rack spaces for the first 50 parking spaces, and two additional bicycle rack spaces for each additional fifty parking spaces. Fractional requirements of 0.5 or greater shall be considered as a full bicycle rack space. 
            a.  Multi-family residential projects shall provide one bike space for each five residential units. 
        2.  Bicycle parking shall be located in such a manner as not to interfere with pedestrian or vehicular traffic. 
        3.  Safe and convenient access shall be provided from the external circulation system to the bicycle parking facilities on site. 
        4.  Bicycle parking racks must include components that lock the back wheel, frame, and front wheel, without the removal of the front wheel. (Ord. 801, 1997; Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.090 Off-street loading and unloading

    A.  For the purposes of this title, all loading and unloading shall take place on site and be of a size and number consistent with the loading demands encountered on an average business day under the intended use, but in no case shall be less than the minimum requirements established in this section. 
        1.  For non-residential uses identified in this title, off-street loading and unloading spaces must be provided for in addition to the required off-street parking spaces. If a particular use requires off-street loading and unloading, the minimum requirement may be found in Table 20.692.1. Additional requirements based on square footage may be found in the following table:

Table 20.692.3
Additional Loading Spaces Required

Floor Area Required Number of Loading Spaces*
Minimum requirement up to 25,000 square feet

1

25,001 to 50,000 square feet

1

Each additional 50,000 square feet, or major fraction thereof

1

Note:
* Pursuant to Chapter 20.606, the director may approve a limited reduction in the size and number of spaces based upon the applicant’s presentation of information and justification of the request and further upon determining compliance with the other provision of this title. 
        2.  Each off-street loading space must be at least 12 feet wide by 45 feet long and have a minimum height clearance of 14 feet. Driveways, drive aisles, or vehicle parking spaces cannot be considered as loading areas. Loading spaces are not permitted within the building setback areas as required by this title. 
        3.  Backing onto the site from a public right of way for loading and unloading or maneuvering purposes is prohibited. 
        4.  Each off-street loading space must be striped and signed for loading purposes and have adequate maneuvering areas for the type of deliveries associated with the land use. For purposes of this title, all driveways and drive aisle widths and turning radii must meet AASHTO requirements. 
        5.  Off-street loading space must be located to the rear or the side of the site and must be suitably screened from any adjacent properties by a combination of landscaping, beaming, walls, or other screening measures acceptable by the department. 
        6. Loading doors shall not open toward public streets. 
        7.  No off-street loading space shall be located closer than 30 feet to any residential property, unless wholly within a completely enclosed building, or unless properly screened with a minimum fifteen-foot-wide dense landscape buffer with beaming and a six-foot-high block wall, or enclosed on three sides by a solid wall or building not less than ten feet in height. (Ord. 1238, 2008; Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)

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20.692.100 Excess parking
When parking spaces in excess of that required by this code for a building or use have been constructed, these excess parking spaces may be counted toward the required parking spaces of another building or use provided that the conditions for joint use identified in section 20.692.070 of this chapter are met. (Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.100 Excess parking
When parking spaces in excess of that required by this code for a building or use have been constructed, these excess parking spaces may be counted toward the required parking spaces of another building or use provided that the conditions for joint use identified in section 20.692.070 of this chapter are met. (Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.110 Units of measurement
    A.  For the purpose of this chapter, floor area in the case of offices, merchandising or service type uses, means the gross floor area used or intended to be used by tenants, or for service to the public as customers, patrons, clients, or patients, including areas occupied by fixtures and equipment used for display or sale of merchandise. 
    B.  When units of measurement determining the number of required parking spaces result in requirements of a fractional space, any fraction less than one-half shall be disregarded, and fractions of one-half and above shall require one parking space. (Ord. 763, 1996; Ord. 641, 1994; Ord. 167, 1968)
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20.692.120 Parking calculation of storage areas
Notwithstanding other provisions of this code, required parking for dedicated storage areas not accessible to the general public may be calculated at one space per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area, as long as 20 percent or more of the total area of the building is dedicated to storage use. (Ord. 763, 1996)
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